Exercise Benefits in Cardiovascular Disease: New Findings
I know that I’m preaching to the converted here, but despite the knowledge that exercise is proven to reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) as well as numerous other health benefits, physical inactivity remains highly prevalent worldwide. In the UK alone, around 39% (20 million people) fail to meet the minimum requirements for physical activity each week (Approximately 22 mins per day of moderate activity – such as brisk walking, plus 2 x strength sessions).
The British Heart Foundation (BHF) estimates that the average man in the UK spends the equivalent of 78 days each year sitting (74 for women) and of that time almost 30 hours a week are spent watching TV – according to Ofcom. Indeed Physical inactivity is now recognised by Kohl et al, (2012) as the fourth leading course of death worldwide, just behind prescription drugs, according to former leading Cochrane researcher (Peter C Gotzsche, 2016).
This current trend towards physical inactivity seems to begin in early adolescence (13-15 years) and leads to an increased risk of cardio-metabolic disorders later in life. Most large epidemiological studies demonstrate an inverse association with physical activity and CVD risk (in other words the more exercise you engage in – the lower the risk of adverse CVD). Also, higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) are strongly associated with good metabolic health, low levels of chronic disease and lower risk of premature death.
Regular physical activity is associated with well-known reductions in cardiovascular risk factors: American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) Guidelines (10th Edition 2018)
- Reduction in systolic / diastolic blood pressure
- Increase HDL (good) cholesterol
- Decrease in Triglycerides (ciculating fats)
- Reduction in visceral (intra-abdominal) fat
- Reduced Insulin needs, improved insulin sensitivity of muscles
- Improved glucose tolerance (handling of glucose load by the body)
- Reduced platelet adhesiveness and aggregation (stickiness of blood platelets / clotting)
- Reduced inflammation
But perhaps more relevant to our community, analysis of data from UK Cardiac Rehab (CR) programmes shows that the current uptake for CR is only around 47% falling short of the 65% national targets (BHF, 2017) It is worth pointing out however that UK CR uptake far exceeds all other European countries (mean of 30%). So whilst we accept that you can’t outrun a bad diet, (Malhotra, 2017), and exercise alone cannot resolve the current twin epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes we currently face, it remains a powerful tool in preventing and improving cardiovascular disease outcomes. In a large meta-analysis that included 8440 patients in 32 trials, exercise training as part of cardiac rehabilitation programmes was associated with a 31% reduction in the mortality (death) rate in patients with stable CAD/myocardial infarction. (Joliffe et al, 2002, Cochrane library).
In some cases exercise may be more effective than drug therapy or cardiologic interventions. A 2004 randomised study published in the American Heart Association’s journal Circulation, compared the effects of a standard percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI with Stent) versus a 12-month programme of regular exercise (20 mins cycling per day) in 101 male patients aged ≤ 70 years patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). The researchers were interested in changes in clinical symptoms such as angina upon exercise, myocardial perfusion (flow of blood through the heart & vessels), cost-effectiveness, and worsening of cardiac disease or death.
The results demonstrated that the exercise training group attained superior event-free survival – in other words, they lived longer and suffered less cardiovascular events, in addition, exercise capacity improved at lower costs, notably owing to reduced rehospitalisation’s and repeat revascularizations.
What does this mean? Exercise training alone can be a safer, more effective strategy than cardiology interventions in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and retards the progression of CAD over time without the potential risks of undergoing an invasive medical procedure and subsequent restenosis of a stented artery. However, let’s not forget that there is no substitute for the acute heart attack patient that requires emergency lifesaving PCI / stenting.
We will now explore some new findings from the Exercise & Health Sciences. Much of the content of this article I have summarised from a comprehensive review on “Exercise benefits in cardiovascular disease: beyond attenuation of traditional risk factors”. Faculty of Sports / Health Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Spain recently published (Carmen Fiuza-Luces et al, 2018).
- Regular exercise induces anti-atherogenic adaptations in vascular function and
structure, irrespective of traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors.
- Regular exercise training improves cardiac parasympathetic regulation, thereby
conferring protection against malignant arrhythmias.
- Muscle-derived myokines are responsible for many of the beneficial effects of
exercise, particularly by promoting a healthy anti-inflammatory milieu.
- Exercise can improve myocardial regeneration capacity, in part through stimulation
of circulating angiogenic cells.
- Loss of muscle strength and mass is a forgotten hallmark of, and in fact, a risk factor
for CVD that can be largely reversed with resistance (strength) training, including
in elderly individuals.
- Regular exercise can promote a healthy gut microbiota while protecting the
permeability and function of the gut barrier.
Anti-atherogenic Vascular Adaptations
Vascular structure and function can be improved as a result of the repetitive shear stresses from exercise placed upon the walls of arteries leading to adaptations that reduce build-up of atherosclerosis (plaque).
Endothelial (inner lining of artery wall) dysfunction has an important role in the development of atherosclerosis (plaque in artery) including increased risk of plaque rupture that causes sudden heart attacks. Statins are typically prescribed post MI (heart attack) to help restore normal vascular endothelial function, but exercise can also provide similar benefits. In a 2015 meta-analysis aerobic exercise intensity was shown to improve vascular endothelial function in a dose-dependent manner (Ashor et al, 2015). The “shear stress” induced by moderate intensity exercise stimulates vasodilatation (widening of vessel) via an increase in a powerful substance called Nitric Oxide (NO).
Studies show that regular exercise training is associated with increased coronary artery size and capacity to dilate more effectively (Nguyen et al, 2011) Remodelling of artery walls in response to exercise training – including a decrease in wall thickness and increases in luminal diameter, creates a reserve capacity so that even when atherosclerosis narrows a vessel – blood flow is not limited.
Regardless of blood cholesterol levels, exercise training increases the collagen and elastin content of the atherosclerotic plaque. The advantage of a thicker, fibrous coronary plaque is that it is less likely to suddenly rupture with devastating consequences (Shimada et al, 2011) Elastin makes the blood vessels more flexible / better able to expand and contract as required during stress or physical exertion.
Collateral Blood Vessels
Aerobic exercise training increases the development of collateral (accessory) blood vessels which may help bypass a clot or lessen the extent of damage to the myocardium (heart muscle) incurred following a heart attack. Another important benefit of reduced vascular stiffness as we age is that vital organs are protected by good blood flow – reducing the possibility of oxygen deprived (Ischaemic) events potentially damaging the brain, kidneys and indeed the heart – reducing the risk of heart failure in later life (Seals et al, 2008)
Autonomic (Nervous System) Balance
A leading cause of sudden cardiac death in patients with coronary artery disease is “Ventricular Fibrillation” or VF. This occurs when the hearts electrical system suddenly loses its natural rhythm and becomes chaotic and is no longer able to pump blood out and maintain adequate perfusion of vital organs or indeed its own coronary circulation. Beyond improvements to blood flow to the heart, regular exercise protects against life-threatening arrhythmias (irregular heart rhythms). Heart Rate Variability (HRV) is a measure of balance of the autonomic nervous system which includes the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions. Low HRV is associated impaired cardiovascular health and increased mortality in patients following heart attacks or in those with Heart failure. Exercise improves the “calming” effect of the parasympathetic division, via output from the vagus nerve and reducing the “excitable” sympathetic division – thus protecting against fatal arrhythmias (Villafaina et al, 2017).
Chronic systemic inflammation is now a recognised CVD risk factor as highlighted by Dr Aseem Malhotra’s BJSM review (2017) discussed in the previous edition of our magazine. Messenger cells known as “cytokines” that are pro-inflammatory have been associated with increases in risk of coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes. Exercise training produces an anti-inflammatory effect, lowering markers of inflammation such as C-Reactive protein (CRP).
A less known function of skeletal muscle is its inherent endocrine capacity, able to release substances known as myokines into the bloodstream during muscle contractions. These myokines are able to exert a myriad of local and systemic (whole body) benefits – including decreased inflammation and insulin resistance, both of which are important in protecting arteries against progression of atherosclerosis, (narrowing of arteries) and helping to stabilize plaques and thus preventing sudden rupture causing a heart attack.
Irisin is another novel type of myokine that appears to protect against development of CVD and is found in larger amounts in the blood of individuals that engage in regular aerobic exercise – such as brisk walking or running. Irisin has also been found present in twice the amount of centenarians (people that live to 100 yrs) compared with young adults experiencing early heart attacks. Emanuele et al (2014). Irisin also helps to dilate blood vessels via a nitric oxide mediated mechanism, protecting the endothelium (inner artery lining) from injury.
Some anabolic (building up) myokines such as IL-4, IL-6, IL-7 are involved in muscle growth and maintenance. Given that sarcopenia (wasting of muscle mass) is commonly associated with CVD especially in the elderly and is often associated with higher levels of visceral fat (another CVD risk factor) it is important to consider the role of resistance exercise. Low muscle strength is associated with CVD development and mortality (death). For example a measure of baseline handgrip strength was associated with CVD events and hospitalization in patients (average age 64 yrs) as well as diabetes (Hamaski et al, 2017).
The strength of skeletal muscle is largely dependent on it mass and therefore low muscle mass is associated with coronary artery calcification in “healthy” middle-aged adults and with increased CVD mortality in individuals with known CVD risk factors ≥65 years (Spahillari et al, 2016). Conversely having larger biceps is an independent predictor of survival in patients aged ≥ 70 years. Also studies have shown higher muscle mass may protect against ischaemic stroke (Minn et al, 2017).
Accelerated sarcopenia is prevalent among patients with Heart Failure (HFpEF) and can promote the development of this condition via cardiac dysfunction and remodelling (Yamamoto et al, 2017). Another downside to sarcopenia is myokine dysregulation resulting in systemic inflammation which may induce microvascular coronary artery endothelial inflammation and reduce nitric oxide (potent vasodilator) bio-availability.
Glucose Intolerance and Insulin Resistance
As skeletal muscle acts as a reservoir for dietary glucose disposal, loss of muscle tissue contributes to both insulin resistance (when the cells become resistant to the effects of the hormone insulin – that is released by the pancreas in response to rising blood glucose from consumption of dietary carbohydrates and sugar) and abnormal blood glucose levels. Both insulin resistance and hyperglycaemia are associated with endothelial and mitochondrial (energy production units within cells) dysfunction and with an enlarged heart (LV Hypertrophy).
What is the relevance?
A decline in muscle mass and function in an ageing population with CVD (worse in diabetics) is associated with early disability, frailty, increase risk of falls, dependence on nursing homes etc. I have mentioned this before in previous issues of the Take Heart Magazine but feel it’s important to reiterate that the preservation of functional capacity (performing of tasks and activities required for daily living) is an essential component of weekly physical activities.
Despite its incredible therapeutic role, resistance or strength training remains largely ignored by both healthcare providers and patients that are perhaps unaware of its benefits. It is especially important for patients with diabetes, coronary artery disease, and following a stroke as meta-analysis shows (Mehta et al, 2012). Resistance training can be commenced even during the 90’s or near end of life and result in significant gains in strength. Other benefits associated with increase muscle strength include; a reduction in visceral fat (abdominal fat), decreased blood pressure and triglycerides. Decreased body fat and increased muscle mass is also associated with improvements of resting metabolic rate, which will help maintain healthy metabolic function and weight (Artero et al, 2012)
Effects of exercise on the Gut
Recent findings are beginning to discover the importance of the role of the gut microbiota in health and disease including CVD. Although the research is in its infancy, an unhealthy gut microbiota may worsen CVD via a number of mechanisms including; an increased production of the microbial metabolite TMAO, endotoxaemia (increased Lipopolysaccharides in the blood) and relocation to carotid artery plaques, increased bodyfat, decreased HDL cholesterol and increased blood pressure. Yang et al (2017). The good news is that independent of diet, regular exercise can modulate the gut microbiota towards a healthy phenotype. Possible mechanisms that result in improved general health include an increase in healthy bacterial diversity, increasing faecal concentrations of short chain fatty acids such as butyrate (associated with good gut health) and increase in the amount of healthy gut bacteria, as well as a decrease in microorganisms associated with obesity and metabolic diseases. Yang et al (2017) Endotoxins leaked into the circulation have been shown to increase systemic inflammation which may begin the process of atherosclerosis and may be an important factor in the development of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome (Kallio et al, 2015). In summary exercise can improve a healthy gut microbiota whilst protecting the intestinal barrier independent of diet.
As I have elucidated to before, regular physical activity / structured exercise induces a myriad of physiological adaptations within the body that benefits human cardiovascular health either directly or indirectly. Many of these benefits appear to be independent of traditional risk factors for CVD such as cholesterol, glucose levels, blood pressure and obesity. The fascinating discovery of the powerful effects of skeletal muscle secreting myokines opens up a milieu of additional cardiovascular benefits not understood previously. But perhaps most important is the consideration that, compared with most drugs, exercise is largely free of adverse effects, and its benefits are dependent on the dose and intensity. It is a timely reminder that Exercise is Medicine in the management of cardiovascular disease.
R J Stantiford MSc., Dip H.ed, ACSM C-EP, BACPR cert
The effect of Stress on Rheumatoid Arthritis
The effect of Stress on Rheumatoid Arthritis - by Rosemary Wellman This is my second blog about living naturally with Rheumatoid Arthritis having come to realise…
Dr Aseem Malhotra and Richard J Stantiford held a very successful 2 hour webinar and Q&A on how to “Optimise your Cardio-Metabolic Health with the Malhotra Method”.
The webinar took place on Saturday, January 30th 2021 at 10 am.
Dr Aseem Malhotra
Richard J Stantiford
The Lifestyle Physiologist
Webinar: Optimise your Cardio-Metabolic Health with the Malhotra Method
Guest speaker: Dr Aseem Malhotra
After much demand I’ll be co-hosting a 2 hour webinar with lifestyle physiologist Richard Stantiford on how to optimise metabolic health.
Starting with a 30 minute PowerPoint presentation via zoom there will 90 minutes for a discussion and Q&A from the audience.
Topics to be covered include healthy weight loss, saturated fat & heart disease, the optimal level and duration of exercise, metabolic health and immunity and high cholesterol and statins. We hope to inform and empower you towards optimising health so don’t miss this unique opportunity.
Tickets are limited at £20 and you can book your place here!
* There is no corporate sponsorship of the event and proceeds will be distributed equally between Aseem Malhotra and Richard Stantiford.
Disclaimer: Information provided is not a substitute for individual medical advice which should be discussed with your doctor.
Masworth Extra Virgin Olive Oil
Hey folks, as you know I’m a huge advocate of eating real food which includes healthy fats daily. When choosing an oil to either cook with or drizzle over your vegetables or salads or even into your porridge or smoothie as I do, you cannot get any better than extra virgin olive oil.
High in monounsaturated fats but much more importantly a high-quality oil will also contain large amounts of antioxidant polyphenols which have numerous health benefits – but especially for those with or at risk of cardiovascular disease. I consume around 3 tablespoons daily of the best EVOO to help reduce my risk of coronary heart disease.
Unfortunately choosing a good oil is a bit of mine field and many of the supermarket oils are of low quality and this is reflected in their low price. Fake EVOO promoted as the real deal is an ongoing problem so it’s always good to know where your olive oil comes from (can it be traced back to the producer)?
Fortunately I have become good friends with a Greek Producer who has created and harvested an exceptional olive oil from Crete. This is the oil that I consume daily and highly recommend. The good news is as a paying member of The Lifestyle Physiologist you get exclusive discounts to this incredible olive oil!
Below is some more detail on the premium product “November” Early Harvest:
Early Harvest Organic Extra Virgin Olive Oil
Our exclusive extra virgin olive comes from the groves of protected geographic indication in Chania, Crete. It is cold-pressed from the Koroneiki olive variety, a rare fruit that is only suitable for cultivation in this area of the world. Our estates are situated to the northeast of Chania, between the northern coast and the White Mountains. The microclimate of the region draws out the special characteristics of the Koroneiki olive, which are fully expressed in the oil. Our use of organic cultivation methods contribute to the local terroir, bringing out an additional depth of flavour to the oil.
Freshness is key in producing a healthy olive oil, so we ensure our oil harvested early in the season. This reduces the quantity of oil produced in any given year but drastically improves the quality. One of its essential constituents which provide its health-giving properties is the polyphenol content. Our oil has been lab proven to contain a high polyphenol content, as well as a high amount of antioxidants. It is then delivered to our customers in dark bottles to protect the integrity of the product from light damage. Enjoy this unique olive oil drizzled on roasted meats, vegetables or with a Greek salad.
Masworth Olive Oil
Polyphenols: Nature’s Medicine
Countless articles backed by scientific research make compelling health claims for following a Mediterranean diet partly because the diet is rich in foods (including a significant amount of Olive Oil) that contain a high content of polyphenols.
Polyphenols are the micronutrients which naturally occur in plants and are potent antioxidants which work to eliminate the free radicals that continually attack the body damaging healthy cells. This process, known as oxidation, is a natural result of our metabolism and the oxidative stress it produces in our bodies is linked to certain diseases as well as the ageing process. It turns out that the antioxidant properties of polyphenols can, however, help reduce abnormal cell formation, combat inflammation and over time, restore cells back to normal health.
There are over 500 types of polyphenols, collectively known as phytochemicals which can be further categorised into Flavonoids, phenolic acids, stilbenes and lignans. The most important polyphenols found in EVOO with respect to health claims include OLEUROPEIN, TYROSOL, HYDROXYTYROSOL, OLEOCANTHAL, CAROTENES and OLEACEIN.
Each of these possesses very strong antioxidant properties that can help fight specific physical and neurological diseases by reversing the damage caused to healthy cells. High quality extra virgin olive oil and the Mediterranean diet are proven to reduce the risk of the following chronic diseases:
- Prevent heart disease
- Prevent cardiovascular issues
- Help control diabetes
- Delay the ageing process
- Slow down the progress of Alzheimers disease
- Counter the free radicals that cause certain cancers
- Poor cholesterol profile
- Parkinsons disease
- Kidney disease
- Type 2 diabetes
- Erectile dysfunction
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Premature death
These health claims are backed by significant scientific research and possibly why even in ancient civilisations, Olive Oil was a prized commodity, referred to by Homer as “Liquid Gold”. The Greeks believed that the Olive Tree was even a gift from the Goddess Athena herself.
Olive Oils: Not all are rich in polyphenols
Olive oils are categorized based on how they are processed and not all offer the same benefits. It is worth noting that the Olive Oil Health Claim (EU 432/2012) applies only for olive oils that contain at least 250 mg/kg of hydroxytyrosol, tyrosol or their derivatives. The benefits are obtained with a daily intake of 20 gr of olive oil. Fresh, early harvested Organic Extra Virgin Olive Oil is always the best option to ensure a good concentration of polyphenols.
November Early Harvest Organic EVOO contains above 450mg/kg of polyphenols and is, therefore, an excellent choice for the discerning purchaser. Why not start your new year by adding a great quality EVOO to your pantry that will bring you some incredible health benefits!
Dr Aseem Malhotra partners with Richard Stantiford:
Richard Stantiford is a Personal Trainer and Clinical Exercise Specialist in Brighton and the surrounding area. He runs The Lifestyle Physiologist, specialising in Cardiac Rehabilitation, Diabetes Management, and Weight Management. Through his partnership with Dr Aseem Maholtra he can refer clients to and receive referrals from Dr Malhotra. If you would like to book a consultation with Richard or discuss a referral click here.
Who is Dr Aseem Malhotra:
Dr Aseem Malhotra MBChB, MRCP, is an NHS Consultant Cardiologist and visiting Professor of Evidence-Based Medicine, Bahiana School of Medicine and Public Health, Salvador, Brazil. He is Cardiology MSc examiner at the University of Hertfordshire. He is a founding member of Action on Sugar and was the lead campaigner highlighting the harm caused by excess sugar consumption in the United Kingdom, particularly its role in type 2 diabetes and obesity.
Where is he published:
In 2015 he co-ordinated the Choosing Wisely campaign by the Academy of Medical Royal Colleges as lead author in a BMJ paper to highlight the risks of overuse of medical treatments. In the same year, he became the youngest member to be appointed to the board of trustees of UK health think tank, The King’s Fund that advises the government on health policy.
Aseem is a frequent expert commentator in print and broadcast media and he has written scores of articles for a number of publications including the BMJ, BJSM, BMJ Open Heart, JAMA Internal Medicine, The Guardian and Observer, BBC online, Huffington Post, The Daily Mirror, Daily Mail, The Daily Telegraph and the Washington Post. He is an international guest editor of the journal of evidence based healthcare.
What awards has he won:
Aseem has appeared in the Health Service Journal’s list of top 50 BME pioneers in successive years and has won a number of awards for his work to raise awareness of diet-related illness both in the UK and internationally. He is a pioneer of the lifestyle medicine movement in the UK. He has had feature articles written about him in the New York Times, The Guardian, The Telegraph, and Healthcare Leader. In 2018 he was ranked by software company Onalytica as the number 1 doctor in the world influencing obesity thinking.
In 2016 he was named in the Sunday Times Debrett’s list as one of the most influential people in science and medicine in the UK in a list that included Professor Stephen Hawking. His total Altmetric score (a measure of impact and reach) of his medical journal publications since 2013 is over 10,000 making it one of the highest in the World for a clinical doctor during this period.
What books has he published:
His first book co-authored with Donal O’ Neill, The Pioppi Diet, has become an international bestseller.
Commendations and Endorsements:
Award-winning American Science Journalist Gary Taubes said “Aseem has probably done more in the UK to inject sanity into nutrition science and the pharmaceutical industry debate than any human being alive”. You can view a more detailed biography here.
Sir Richard Thompson, Past President of the RCP and former personal physician to her majesty The Queen said “ Dr AseemMalhotra is changing the face of medicine and his revolutionary book everyone should read the Pioppi Diet”.
How can I work with Dr Aseem Malhotra?
To book an appointment with Dr Malhotra you can visit his website on the button below or visit the RocPrivateClinic website and make a booking.
Media and Videos of Dr Aseem Malhotra
Dr Malhotra’s three most viewed videos are below. You can view all of his video media here.
Tucker Carlson interviews Dr Aseem Malhotra on the corruption of medicine by Big Pharma
Has Big Pharma Hijacked Evidence-Based Medicine?
Vaxxed U.K. Cardiologist: Suspend mRNA Product Now
Richard Stantiford and Rosemary Wellman co-founded The Lifestyle Physiologist in 2019.
Richard J Stantiford
Richard J Stantiford
MSc, Dip H.Ed, ACSM C-EP, BACPR, cert AAI
Richard is an Accredited Exercise Physiologist with 30 years’ experience in the health & fitness industry and is passionate about Lifestyle Medicine. He spent the first 10 years of his career working as a Personal Trainer in London’s most exclusive health clubs including “Champneys” of Piccadilly and coached a diverse range of clients including many celebrities. Whilst living in London he also completed 4 years training at the British School of Osteopathy where he learned an in-depth knowledge of anatomy, physiology and pathology, which included human cadaver dissection at Guys Medical School.
During his career Richard’s passion for knowledge in the field of Exercise Medicine has resulted in the acquisition of various Academic and Vocational Qualifications, which include:
- A Master’s (MSc.) Degree in Exercise and Behavioural Medicine (with distinction) from the University of West London
- National Diploma in Sport & Leisure Studies
- Higher Education Diploma in Osteopathy
- Certified Exercise Physiologist (C-EP) with the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM C-EP) (Cert No: 513782)
- Accredited Phase IV Exercise Specialist with the British Association for Cardiac Prevention and Rehabilitation (BACPR)
- Accredited Pulmonary Rehab and Exercise Referral Specialist with the Wright Foundation.
- Accredited Rehab Trainer with Rehab Trainer (Australia)
- Certified Tai Chi and Qi Gong for Rehabilitation Instructor
- Immediate Life Support (ILS) trained (Resuscitation Council UK)
- Associate of the ARNI Institute for Stroke Rehabilitation (AAI)
- Diploma in LCHF Nutrition from The Noakes Foundation
Continuing Professional Development (CPD)
- BACPR – Physical Activity and Exercise in Heart Failure: Assessment, Prescription, and Delivery (2009)
- BACPR – Physical Activity and Exercise in the Management of Cardiovascular Disease Part II – Advanced Applications (2012)
- ACSM – Physical Activity Programming for Clients with Obesity (Feb 2017)
- ACSM – Polar Heart Rate Monitoring Assessment ( March 2017)
- BACPR – Assessing Functional Capacity: How to Administer and interpret Submaximal Tests in Clinical Populations (June 2017)
- Assessing Functional Capacity: How to administer and interpret Submaximal Tests in Clinical Populations (June 2017)
- ELITE HRV – Foundations of (HRV) Heart Rate Variability Course (November 2017)
- BACPR – Dietary Approach to Managing Cardiovascular Disease and Weight (November 2017)
- SCOPE – Specialist Certification of Obesity Professional Education (Core Learning Pathway) Part 1 (November 2017)
- Wales Exercise Medicine Symposium WEMS / BASEM (Jan 2018)
- Public Health Collaboration (PHC) Ambassador Training (February 2018)
- Balanced Approach – Tai Chi & QiGong CPD Update (November 2020)
Upon completion of his masters – Richard became an honouree lecturer at the University of West London teaching both undergraduate and graduate students Sport and Exercise Science.
For the last 15 years he has primarily focused on working with clients / patients who have underlying health problems, including cardiovascular, respiratory and metabolic conditions using a Lifestyle Medicine approach.
He currently divides his work between running a busy online (post Covid) cardiac rehab programme and working with private referred patients from Stroke Solutions in addition to helping complex obese patients on behalf of Sussex Medical Chambers. Richard has collaborated with some of the most influential medical experts in the UK including Consultant Cardiologist and best selling author Dr Aseem Malhotra, whom he refers patients that need specialist care.
Rosemary J Wellman (Co-Founder)
Had a very active healthy life until 4 years ago when a slight stroke and heart failure was followed by an ICD implant. This experience encouraged a keen interest in nutrition and the benefits of ‘food as medicine’ as well as realising the importance of regular appropriate exercise in order to sustain a better level of fitness.
Also has a particular personal interest in the effects that diet can have on an auto-immune disease like rheumatoid arthritis. Is co-founder of The Lifestyle Physiologist, the Health & Wellness website founded and run by Richard Stantiford.
What are the benefits?
This class is aimed at patients with obesity that want to exercise in a friendly and non – intimidating environment where they can share their weight loss struggles with others and exercise safely with an experienced and caring instructor.
Confidence building, motivation and fitness are all improved in addition to helping enhance metabolic health. Partnering with the “Feeling Good Weight Management Team” patients can be referred onto this programme following on from the NHS course delivered by Sussex Medical Chambers.
How do I sign-up?
Simply click the button below to sign up for monthly direct debit payments.
Classes will commence in January 2021
Thursdays at 4.30pm
Online Qigong Class
Qi’ or ‘Chi’ means energy or invisible lifeforce. ‘Gong’ or ‘Kung’ means work. Therefore, the word Qigong (also spelled Chi Kung or Qi Gong) means…